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Fractures have a variety of names. Below is a listing of the common types that may occur:
Greenstick – Incomplete fracture. The broken bone is not completely separated.
Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.
Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.
Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.
Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.
Comminuted – The break is in three or more pieces and fragments are present at the fracture site.
Segmental – The same bone is fractured in two places, so there is a “floating” segment of bone. How Is a Fracture Diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history (including asking how the injury occurred) and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for a fracture
may include the following:
CT scan Treatment for a Fracture
Specific treatment for a fracture will be determined by your physician based on:
Your age, overall health, and medical history The extent of the condition
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the condition Your opinion or preference
The goal of treatment is to control the pain, promote healing, prevent complications, and restore normal use of the fractured area. An open fracture (one in which the bone exits and is visible through the skin, or a deep wound that exposes the bone through the skin) is considered an emergency. Seek immediate medical attention for this type of fracture.
Treatment may include:
Splint/cast (immobilizes the injured area to promote bone alignment and healing to protect the injured area from motion or use)
Medication (to control pain)
Traction is the application of a force to stretch certain parts of the body in a specific direction. Traction consists or pulleys, strings, weights, and a metal frame attached over or on the bed. The purpose of traction is to stretch the muscles and tendons around the broken bone to allow the bone ends to align and heal. Surgery
Surgery may be required to put certain types of broken bones back into place. Occasionally, internal fixation (metal rods or pins located inside the bone) or external fixation devices (metal rods or pins located outside of the body) are used to hold the bone fragments in place to allow alignment and healing.